This post is now superseded by:
Principles of science and ethical guidelines for scientific conduct (v8.0)
A set of necessary characteristics for independently verifiable statements was proposed in the post: The principles of science (v7.5). The idea was to provide principles that distinguish knowledge from beliefs. This post provides a set of ethical guidelines that are derived from and correspond to those principles.
The ethical guidelines provided in this post, are suggested guidelines for anyone who have made the choice to differentiate clearly knowledge from beliefs. These are ethical guidelines that should be observed by anyone who is concerned with the tasks to establish, provide, or apply knowledge in the form of true and independently verifiable statements.
These guidelines can only be interpreted as intended, by applying the definitions in The principles of science (v7.5). That post contains the principles, definitions, and explanations that are relevant to these ethical guidelines. These guidelines are only concerned with the actions that are directly related to the provision of independently verifiable knowledge, and not about any other aspects of the relationship between scientists, their organisations, and the society.
§1 State clearly the premises, inferences, and conclusions of an argument.
§2 Verify that premises comply with the principles of science, identify premises and their sources and make sure that these are readily available for independent verification.
Cite precisely the referred source and identify all information that is used as a premise.
§3 Use logically valid inferences.
Whenever the truth of the premises does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion, identify clearly the argument as a feeling, judgement, belief, opinion or hypothesis.
§4 Put forward conclusions in such a manner that an independent party can verify that the conclusion is correctly deduced from axioms, definitions, theorems, measured properties, and validated scientific concepts.
§5 Put forward concepts in such a manner that an independent party can verify that the concept is correctly deduced from logically valid conclusions, axioms, definitions or theorems.
§6 Define a concept, its capability, and applicable context in such a manner that the concept can be independently tested.
§7 Validate concepts by comparison of predictions from that concept with observations. Only refer to concepts as validated when predictions repeatedly match observations within combined uncertainty of the measurements and the claimed capability of the concept.
Ensure that those who are influenced, curbed, or entitled to the propounded concept or product are also entitled to independently test the concept or product.
§8 Only refer to a concept as validated for the context covered by the validating tests.
§9 Base statements on verifiable data and make sure that data and precise information about how that data was obtained are readily available for independent verification. Whenever data are corrected or disregarded, provide both uncorrected and corrected data together with a scientific argument for the correction.
§10 Ensure that measurement reports contain traceable values, units, and stated uncertainty for well-defined measurands in a well-defined context.
§11 Ensure that prediction reports contain values, units and claimed capability for well-defined measurands in well-defined contexts.
These principles can be reproduced under the condition that the following link is provided together with the ethical guidelines: